Position Statement: The Importance of Dual Credit and Concurrent Enrollment to the Geosciences
Joint Position Statement from NAGT and National Earth Science Teachers Association.
Approved: May 13, 2015
Offering rigorous college-level Earth science courses to highly qualified high school students addresses critical needs in both geoscience education and future workforce needs. Members of the National Earth Science Teachers Association (NESTA) and National Association of Geoscience Teachers (NAGT) advise that it is time to establish new, strong collaborations between high schools and postsecondary institutions around dual credit (courses taught at a high school by qualified high school teachers) and concurrent enrollment (courses taught at two year / four year post-secondary institutions by higher education faculty) Earth science courses. These courses will attract high performing students to fill the geoscience career pipeline, meet the rigors and spirit of the Next Generation Science Standards, continue to build strong postsecondary education geoscience departments, expand the diversity of the geoscience community, and increase the number of geoscience literate citizens who will be making informed decisions about Earth science issues in the future.
The AGI Workforce Program has predicted a decrease in the number of geoscientists in the next decades while at the same time there is a forecast increase in the number of geoscience jobs. By improving the level of high school Earth science education with dual credit or concurrent enrollment courses, we can begin to address that workforce gap. Many top performing secondary school students in the United States are guided toward the more rigorous Advance Placement (AP) courses during their high school experience. Currently there is not an AP Earth Science course, necessitating the need to address critical educational gaps by expanding the use of dual credit and concurrent enrollment courses to counterbalance this situation. High school students need to be recruited and retained in the Earth sciences as they bridge over into higher education in pursuit of degrees.
Qualified high school students taking dual credit or concurrent enrollment courses can earn both high school and college credit simultaneously. Courses are taught either at a high school by qualified high school teachers (dual credit model) or at two year / four year post-secondary institutions by higher education faculty (concurrent enrollment model). Top performing high school students who seek AP science classes would be attracted to dual credit or concurrent enrollment Earth science courses because it allows them to complete a course in a required high school content area while directly earning college credit with a possible higher weighted grade point average. College admissions officers will recognize that the student has completed a college level course on their high school transcripts in addition to a student being able to include a college transcript with applications.
Dual credit courses are modeled after a course at the collaborating postsecondary institution. The standards and academic rigor established for the course at the college are maintained at the high school through close collaboration between qualified high school teachers and college faculty. Dual credit high school courses are typically taught during a full school year, thereby allowing sufficient contact time for the students to master the content taught in a corresponding postsecondary institution semester. The complementary concurrent enrollment model is one in which high school students are enrolled in single semester courses on a higher education campus. The college receives a number of benefits, among which includes a very important recruiting tool: students completing a course will receive a college transcript, giving them an incentive to apply to that college. This can be particularly compelling to students who may not have considered college as an option prior to their dual credit or concurrent enrollment experience.
NAGT and NESTA members probably already know geoscience educators who would be interested in establishing a dual credit or concurrent enrollment program. They are usually just a quick e-mail or call away. We encourage members to reach out and begin this discussion.
NESTA and NAGT encourage the following actions:
Secondary Faculty and Administration
- Identify local post-secondary institutions with Earth & Space Science Departments. Approach them about the possibility of a dual credit or concurrent enrollment collaborations which will have the potential to increase their enrollment, provide visibility for their department, and increase the number of students who may choose to major in the Earth & Space Sciences.
- Identify a departmental liaison that will be the point of contact for this project. Design a course syllabus that demonstrates that the course meets college standards as well as state high school graduation requirements.
- Approach appropriate school district personnel, including the school guidance department. Establish the expectation that Earth science is a rigorous college level course that will challenge students at the high school level and provide them with college credits before entering college.
- Once the course is developed and approved, work with the departmental liaison to create special learning opportunities for the student (such as guest speakers, field trips, and special projects).
Post-Secondary / Higher Education Faculty
- Identify local secondary institutions and qualified faculty. Approach them about the possibility of establishing dual credit or concurrent enrollment courses promoting Earth science topics.
- Invite science and mathematics faculty, guidance staff and administrators to post-secondary events highlighting the Earth sciences and the importance in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education efforts.
- Be involved in the collaborations by actively initiating these programs and implementations.